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Title: Palaeodemographics of individuals in Dinaledi Chamber using dental remains
Authors: Bolter, Debra
Hawks, John
Bogin, Barry
Cameron, Noel
Keywords: Homo naledi
Life stages
Demographic profile
MNI
Life history
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Academy of Science of South Africa © The Author(s)
Citation: BOLTER, D. ... et al, 2018. Palaeodemographics of individuals in Dinaledi Chamber using dental remains. South African Journal of Science, 114 (1-2), Art. #2017-0066.
Abstract: Hominin skeletal remains from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa, represent a minimum of 15 individuals of the extinct species Homo naledi. We examined the dental material from this sample in order to assess the life-history stages of individuals in the sample, in particular to determine the minimum number of individuals in the sample as a whole, and within each of six age classes. We found evidence of individuals within every age class: infant, early juvenile, late juvenile, subadult, young adult and old adult. The Dinaledi Chamber sample is notable in comparison to other samples of human, chimpanzee and fossil hominins in that it has a relatively high representation of juvenile remains, as compared to infants and adults. With 15 individuals, the sample size presented by the Dinaledi dental material is too small to test the hypothesis of attritional versus catastrophic accumulation. The data here provide a basis for further investigation of individual associations within this commingled assemblage, and provide an important comparative data set as a basis for the consideration of life history in H. naledi and other extinct hominin populations.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by the Academy of Science of South Africa under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: National Geographic Society; National Research Foundation (South Africa); University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.17159/sajs.2018/20170066
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/31916
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2018/20170066
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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