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Title: Self-perceived employability in Spain
Authors: Vargas, Reyes
Sanchez-Queija, Maria Inmaculada
Rothwell, Andrew T.
Parra, Agueda
Keywords: Employability
Undergraduates
Factor analysis
Graduate employment
Self-perceived employability
Validity study
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: © Emerald
Citation: VARGAS, R. ...et al., 2018. Self-perceived employability in Spain. Education + Training, 60 (3), pp.226-237.
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to validate the self-perceived employability (SPE) scale (Rothwell et al., 2008) and explore its relationship with sociodemographic variables in Spain. The SPE is an employability scale designed to examine undergraduates’ expectations and self-perceptions of employability. The SPE includes internal and external dimensions of employability and has been satisfactorily tested in a variety of contexts. Design/methodology/approach – The sample comprised 1,502 Spanish undergraduate students from a broad range of subject areas. Confirmatory factor analyses and exploratory factor analyses were conducted. Finally, the Spanish-self-perceived employability (S-SPE) was studied in relation to a set of demographic variables. Findings – The results revealed similar findings to those reported by Rothwell et al. (2008), namely, four factors labeled: the external labor market’s demand for people in my subject field, my confidence in my skills and abilities, the status and credibility of my field of study and my engagement with my studies and academic performance. The external and internal employability dimensions were obtained by forcing a two-factor solution. Men scored higher than women in the S-SPE; science students scored higher than arts and humanities undergraduates and students with higher perceived income levels scored higher than those with lower perceived income levels. Originality/value – The S-SPE can be used with Spanish speaking university students (Spanish being the second most widely spoken language in the world) and allows cross-cultural comparisons of undergraduates’ SPE. The S-SPE may help guide the development of social policies and programs designed to enhance employability. It can be used with undergraduates as a diagnostic instrument in career counseling, and as a self-assessment instrument which will enable undergraduates to acquire a greater degree of self-knowledge in relation to their employability.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Education + Training and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-03-2017-0037
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1108/ET-03-2017-0037
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/32096
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-03-2017-0037
ISSN: 0040-0912
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Business School)

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