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Title: Rotational, vibrational, and excitation temperatures of a microwave-frequency microplasma
Authors: Iza, Felipe
Hopwood, Jeffrey A.
Keywords: Excitation temperature
Microplasma
Microwave plasma
Rotational temperature
Split-ring resonator
Vibrational
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: © IEEE
Citation: IZA, F. and HOPWOOD, J.A., 2004. Rotational, vibrational, and excitation temperatures of a microwave-frequency microplasma. IEEE transactions on plasma science, 32 (2), pp. 498-504
Abstract: Integration of microplasma sources in portable systems sets constraints in the amount of power and vacuum levels employed in these plasma sources. Moreover, in order to achieve good power efficiency and prevent physical deterioration of the source, it is desirable to keep the discharge temperature low. In this paper, the thermal characteristics of an atmospheric argon discharge generated with a low-power microwave plasma source are investigated to determine its possible integration in portable systems. The source is based on a microstrip split-ring resonator and is similar to the one reported by Iza and Hopwood, 2003. Rotational, vibrational, and excitation temperatures are measured by means of optical emission spectroscopy. It is found that the discharge at atmospheric pressure presents a rotational temperature of ~300 K, while the excitation temperature is ~0.3 eV (~3500 K). Therefore, the discharge is clearly not in thermal equilibrium. The lowrotational temperature allows for efficient air-cooled operation and makes this device suitable for portable applications including those with tight thermal specifications such as treatment of biological materials.
Description: This article was published in the journal IEEE transactions on plasma science [© IEEE] and is also available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=27 Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/3212
ISSN: 0093-3813
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering)

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