This thesis investigates the effects of introducing simplified
fare systems in urban bus operations. Initially, a review
of the fare systems employed by urban bus undertakings in
Great Britain and Continental Western Europe is undertaken.
Wide differences in policy were found to exist, with British
operators tending to prefer "graduated" fares with several
fare values, whilst on the European mainland simpler flat or
zonal structures predominate. [Continues.]
A Master's Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Philosophy at Loughborough University.