The management of water and sanitation services has always been a major concern in
developing countries, where many people still do not have access to such services.
Researchers have demonstrated that in majority of the cases failures in 'watsan' projects
are related to lack of suitable institutional frameworks, rather than to technical problems.
Lately, world-wide a higher private sector involvement in the provision of these services
has been seen as a suitable mean of achieving institutional efficiency. In Bahia, Brazil,
urban 'watsan' services have been run mainly by a state owned company, that, as in many
developing countries, is 'in debt'. It is also an organisation providing insufficient
maintenance and misallocating investments. In addition to these problems, there is no
current formal policy for the sector. [Continues.]
A Master's Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Philosophy at Loughborough University.