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Title: Micro-generation in conflict: The conditions necessary to power economic development in rural Afghanistan
Authors: McLellan, James D.
Blanchard, Richard E.
Keywords: Micro-generation
Soft systems methodology
Critical conditions
Rural electrification
Failed states
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: AIMS Press © The Authors
Citation: MCLELLAN, J.D. and BLANCHARD, R.E., 2018. Micro-generation in conflict: The conditions necessary to power economic development in rural Afghanistan. AIMS Energy, 6 (2), pp.339-357.
Abstract: Access to reliable electricity eludes many poor rural Afghan communities despite plentiful renewable resources. Micro-generation seems particularly well suited to Afghanistan’s mountainous, decentralised society but even with substantial investment since 2001 it has not lived up to expectations. Recognising the causes are likely to dwell in the human (rather than technical) domain, this study takes a qualitative, soft systems approach to deriving and validating the necessary conditions that might improve the success rate of micro-generation projects in enabling sustainable economic development. It acknowledges the governance limitations inherent in fragile states and the significance of the community as the most stable element of society, putting the latter at the centre of its thinking. Those conditions identified as critical are summarised as: a holistic approach that sees micro-generation as a component of broader economic development; an environment safe enough for project build and operation, and for the markets necessary for wealth creation; and external support to build community capacity to fund and maintain schemes through-life. These conditions are likely to have relevance for other fragile states; the next step is to develop them in the field before deployment as part of a comprehensive approach to poverty alleviation in Afghanistan and similar states.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by AIMS Press under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3934/energy.2018.2.339
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/32954
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3934/energy.2018.2.339
ISSN: 2333-8326
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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