The main purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the 'Harkis' and their offspring have
been or indeed can be fully integrated into French life.
It is not unusual for the 'Harkis' to express a feeling of belonging to the French, the 'Harki',
Beur and Algerian communities. The 'Harkis' are a diversified group. While some continue
to stress the specificity and uniqueness of their position in France, others insist on their
French citizenship. The absence of an overriding sense of common identity as a group should
therefore be stressed. The thesis will therefore examine the process of the 'Harkis' forming
their own identity, as well as the construction of such an identity by the French state through
the taxonomy and measures adopted since 1962. The thesis ultimately posits that the concept
of 'Frenchness' must be reconsidered and redefined. Can plural identities be promoted
without resulting in the destruction of the nation and the nation-state? Would the new, wider
context of Europe provide the framework within which pluralism could exist and a new
bonding 'social contract' be created?
A Master's Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Philosophy at Loughborough University.