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|Title: ||Adapting strategic niche management for evaluating radical transport policies – the case of the Durham Road Access Charge Scheme|
|Authors: ||Ieromonachou, Petros|
Enoch, Marcus P.
|Keywords: ||Transport policy|
Travel demand management
Road user charging
Strategic niche management
|Issue Date: ||2004|
|Publisher: ||© Elsevier|
|Citation: ||IEROMONACHOU, P., POTTER, S. and ENOCH, M.P., 2004. Adapting strategic niche management for evaluating radical transport policies – the case of the Durham Road Access Charge Scheme. International journal of transport management, 2 (2), pp. 75-87.|
|Abstract: ||Transport systems in the UK are facing severe problems of congestion, rising energy use and
pollution. One response to this is the move from local authorities to gradually introduce Travel
Demand Management (TDM)1 strategies, but these measures involve a complicated set of
institutions, processes, people and procedures.
The old road-building transport policy regime involved a relatively simple system of actors
and processes around which expertise, knowledge, and skills had built up over many decades.
TDM policies involve a larger, different and more complex system of institutions, processes, people
and procedures. The result of this is particularly evident for more radical demand management
measures (such as congestion charging, workplace parking fees and high occupancy vehicle
lanes), which often get held up or discarded due to controversy, disagreements, unanticipated
problems, and a whole host of delaying factors. If they ever get implemented, they tend to be
watered-down and consequently less effective.
One potential way to analyse these problems and identify possible solutions is the use of
Strategic Niche Management (SNM). SNM is rooted in organisational innovation diffusion theory
and provides a structure to evaluate and manage the introduction of new and innovative transport
technologies. This paper introduces Strategic Niche Management and explores transferring this
technique for evaluating TDM policy measures. The resulting technique is applied retrospectively to
the case of the Durham Road Charging scheme, selected as an example for this paper.|
|Description: ||This is a journal article. It was published in the journal, International journal of transport management [© Elsevier]. The definitive version is available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/14714051 or at: doi:10.1016/j.ijtm.2004.09.002|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)|
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