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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/33662

Title: Observing maternal restriction of food with 3–5-year-old children: Relationships with temperament and later BMI
Authors: Farrow, Claire V.
Haycraft, Emma
Blissett, Jacqueline
Keywords: Child feeding
Eating
Temperament
Maternal restriction
Controlling feeding
BMI
Observation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by MDPI AG
Citation: FARROW, C.V., HAYCRAFT, E. and BLISSETT, J., 2018. Observing maternal restriction of food with 3–5-year-old children: Relationships with temperament and later BMI. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(6): 1273.
Abstract: Overt parental restriction of food has previously been associated with child weight; however, most research has relied on self-reported feeding behaviour, or observations which give little opportunity to observe restriction of food. Using a novel lab-based observational technique to increase the opportunity to observe maternal feeding restriction, we explored the relationships between maternal restriction, child responses to restriction and child temperament with child body mass index (BMI) Z-scores over time. Sixty-two mother child dyads were recruited to the study when their children were aged 3–5 years and were followed up 2 years later (N = 39 dyads). Families were observed during a feeding interaction in the laboratory where cookies were offered with the main meal to increase the opportunity for maternal restriction of food. Feeding observations were coded and child temperament and BMI were measured. Controlling for current child BMI Z-scores, greater maternal verbal and physical restriction of food at 3–5 years was related to higher child BMI Z-scores at 5–7 years. More emotional children were less likely to experience restriction and less likely to accept attempts to restrict their food intake. Further research should consider children’s reactions to parental feeding behaviours in greater depth and explore how feeding practices interact with child temperament in the prediction of changes in child weight.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15061273
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/33662
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061273
ISSN: 1660-4601
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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