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Title: Master equations for pulsed magnetic fields: Application to magnetic molecules
Authors: Rousochatzakis, Ioannis
Luban, Marshall
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: © American Physical Society (APS)
Citation: ROUSOCHATZAKIS, I. and LUBAN, M., 2005. Master equations for pulsed magnetic fields: Application to magnetic molecules. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 72: 134424.
Abstract: We extend spin-lattice relaxation theory to incorporate the use of pulsed magnetic fields for probing the hysteresis effects and magnetization steps and plateaus exhibited, at low temperatures, by the dynamical magnetization of magnetic molecules. The main assumption made is that the lattice degrees of freedom equilibrate in times much shorter than both the experimental time scale (determined by the sweep rate) and the typical spin-lattice relaxation time. We first consider the isotropic case (a magnetic molecule with a ground state of spin S well separated from the excited levels and also the general isotropic Heisenberg-Hamiltonian where all energy levels are relevant) and then we include small off-diagonal terms in the spin Hamiltonian to take into account the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg (LZS) effect. In the first case, and for an S=12 magnetic molecule we arrive at the generalized Bloch equation recently used for the magnetic molecule {V6} in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 147204 (2005)]. An analogous equation is derived for the magnetization, at low temperatures, of antiferromagnetic ring systems. The LZS effect is discussed for magnetic molecules with a low spin ground state, for which we arrive at a very convenient set of equations that take into account the combined effects of LZS and thermal transitions. In particular, these equations explain the deviation from exact magnetization reversal at B0 observed in {V6}. They also account for the small magnetization plateaus ("magnetic Foehn effect"), following the LZS steps that have been observed in several magnetic molecules. Finally, we discuss the role of the phonon bottleneck effect at low temperatures and specifically we indicate how this can give rise to a pronounced Foehn effect. © 2005 The American Physical Society.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134424
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134424
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/34419
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134424
ISSN: 1098-0121
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Physics)

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