NORMAN, E.W.L., 2000. The teaching and learning of technology for design. IN: Kimbell, R. (ed.). Design and Technology International Millennium Conference. Wellesbourne : The D&T Association, pp. 128-135.
This paper presents a non-linear model of design and technology that illustrates the concept of
technology for design. Technology’s relationship with science is discussed and research evidence
concerning the emergence of new technology for a polymer acoustic guitar is described. This
demonstrates the existence of knowledge, skills and values that are derived from designing and
making rather than science. Learning ‘by doing’ and teaching ‘by showing’ and their pedagogical
implications are discussed. Examples are given from the author’s teaching of undergraduates and
from a resource pack on kite design and technology for Key Stage 3. The paper shows the
importance of sustaining designing and making in the next century.