Past studies have shown that successful athletes are required to display a wide variety
of behaviours to win races and register exceptional performances. The traditional
position holds that athletics be regarded as an unequivocally masculine endeavour.
This investigation postulated that it is the psychologically androgynous person—that
is, one who endorses both masculine and feminine positive behaviours—who would
possess the desired range of behaviours that lead to success in athleticism.
Accordingly, male and female athletes of past and present success in Britain (n=90;
[30m, 30f, 15M, 15F]), along with male and female non-athletes (n=90; [30m, 30f,
15M, 15F]) were surveyed using the SBSRI (Bern, 1974) to determine whether athletic
success is relative to psychological androgyny or whether it qualifies as masculine.
Four distinct studies informed the line of investigation. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.