BAO, J. and NEISHTADT, A., 2018. Separatrix crossing in rotation of a body with changing geometry of masses. SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, [in press].
We consider free rotation of a body whose parts move slowly with respect to each other under the action of internal forces. This problem can be considered as a perturbation of the Euler-Poinsot problem. The dynamics has an approximate conservation law - an adiabatic invariant. This allows to describe the evolution of rotation in the adiabatic approximation. The evolution leads to an overturn in the rotation of the body: the vector of angular velocity crosses the separatrix of the Euler-Poinsot problem. This crossing leads to a quasi-random scattering in body’s dynamics. We obtain formulas for probabilities of capture into different domains in the phase space at separatrix crossings.
This paper is closed access until it is published.