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Title: A vulnerability assessment of urban emergency in schools of Shanghai
Authors: Yin, Jie
Jing, Yameng
Yu, Dapeng
Ye, Mingwu
Yang, Yuhan
Liao, Banggu
Keywords: Emergency response
Vulnerability assessment
Schools and students
Pluvial flooding
Shanghai
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by MDPI
Citation: YIN, J. ... et al., 2019. A vulnerability assessment of urban emergency in schools of Shanghai. Sustainability, 11 (2), 349.
Abstract: Schools and students are particularly vulnerable to natural hazards, especially pluvial flooding in cities. This paper presents a scenario-based study that assesses the school vulnerability of emergency services (i.e., Emergency Medical Service and Fire & Rescue Service) to urban pluvial flooding in the city center of Shanghai, China through the combination of flood hazard analysis and GIS-based accessibility mapping. Emergency coverages and response times in various traffic conditions are quantified to generate school vulnerability under normal no-flood and 100-y pluvial flood scenarios. The findings indicate that severe pluvial flooding could lead to proportionate and linear impacts on emergency response provision to schools in the city. Only 11% of all the schools is predicted to be completely unreachable (very high vulnerability) during flood emergency but the majority of the schools would experience significant delay in the travel times of emergency responses. In this case, appropriate adaptations need to be particularly targeted for specific hot-spot areas (e.g., new urbanized zones) and crunch times (e.g., rush hours).
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This work is sponsored by Peak Discipline Construction Project of Education at East China Normal University, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no: 41871164, 41601568 and 51761135024), the National Social Science Fund of China (Grant no: 18ZDA105), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant no: 2017YFE0100700 and 2017YFE0107400), the Humanities and Social Science Project of Education Ministry of China (Grant no: 17YJAZH111), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (Grant no: 18ZR1410800) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant no: 2018ECNU-QKT001 and 2017ECNU-KXK013).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/su11020349
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/36641
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020349
ISSN: 2071-1050
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Geography and Environment)

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