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Title: Neutron-based analyses of three Bronze Age metal objects: a closer look at the Buggenum, Jutphaas and Escharen artefacts
Authors: Postma, Hans
Amkreutz, Luc
Fontijn, David
Kamermans, Hans
Kockelmann, Winfried A.
Schillebeeckx, Peter
Visser, Dirk
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University
Citation: POSTMA, H. ... et al, 2017. Neutron-based analyses of three Bronze Age metal objects: a closer look at the Buggenum, Jutphaas and Escharen artefacts. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, 47, pp.37-57.
Abstract: Three important Bronze Age copper-alloy artefacts from the permanent exhibition of the National Museum of Antiquity in Leiden (NL) have been studied by neutron-based methods. These artefacts are known as the Buggenum sword, the Jutphaas dirk, and the Escharen double axe. All three objects have been studied with neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA), a non-destructive method to determine the bulk elemental compositions. The Buggenum sword is also studied with time-of-flight neutron diffraction (TOF-ND) giving additional information about crystalline properties and internal material structures, and neutron tomography (NT), showing details of the construction of this sword and voids inside the material. The composition of the Jutphaas dirk is compared with the compositions of two other dirks belonging to the group of six Plougrescant-Ommerschans (PO) ceremonial dirks. The Escharen double axe, identified as being of the Zabitz type, variant Westeregeln, is a rare object in the Low Countries. It is compared to finds from Central Europe. The results for all three objects are discussed with regards to their archaeological contexts and their relation to other finds.
Description: This is an Open Access article published by the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University.
Sponsor: Part of the research mentioned in this paper has been carried out under the EU FP6 Ancient Charm project, funded by the European Commission under the contract No. 15311.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/36862
Publisher Link: https://www.sidestone.com/books/apl-47-excerpta-archaeologica-leidensia-ii
ISBN: 9789082225143
ISSN: 0169-7447
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Physics)

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