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Title: A model-based engineering methodology and architecture for resilience in systems-of-systems: A case of water supply resilience to flooding
Authors: Joannou, Demetrios
Kalawsky, Roy S.
Saravi, Sara
Rivas-Casado, Monica
Fu, Guangtao
Meng, Fanlin
Keywords: Architecture modelling flood resilience
Resilience engineering
System-of-systems water systems
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI © The Authors
Citation: JOANNOU, D. ... et al, 2019. A model-based engineering methodology and architecture for resilience in systems-of-systems: A case of water supply resilience to flooding. Water, 11 (3), 496.
Abstract: There is a clear and evident requirement for a conscious effort to be made towards a resilient water system-of-systems (SoS) within the UK, in terms of both supply and flooding. The impact of flooding goes beyond the immediately obvious socio-aspects of disruption, cascading and affecting a wide range of connected systems. The issues caused by flooding need to be treated in a fashion which adopts an SoS approach to evaluate the risks associated with interconnected systems and to assess resilience against flooding from various perspectives. Changes in climate result in deviations in frequency and intensity of precipitation; variations in annual patterns make planning and management for resilience more challenging. This article presents a verified model-based system engineering methodology for decision-makers in the water sector to holistically, and systematically implement resilience within the water context, specifically focusing on effects of flooding on water supply. A novel resilience viewpoint has been created which is solely focused on the resilience aspects of architecture that is presented within this paper. Systems architecture modelling forms the basis of the methodology and includes an innovative resilience viewpoint to help evaluate current SoS resilience, and to design for future resilient states. Architecting for resilience, and subsequently simulating designs, is seen as the solution to successfully ensuring system performance does not suffer, and systems continue to function at the desired levels of operability. The case study presented within this paper demonstrates the application of the SoS resilience methodology on water supply networks in times of flooding, highlighting how such a methodology can be used for approaching resilience in the water sector from an SoS perspective. The methodology highlights where resilience improvements are necessary and also provides a process where architecture solutions can be proposed and tested.
Description: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Sponsor: The authors would like to thank the EPSRC for the funding on BRIM (EP/N010329/1).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/w11030496
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/37251
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030496
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Computer Science)
Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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