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Title: Two birds, one stone—Reframing cooking energy policies in Africa and Asia
Authors: Batchelor, Simon
Brown, Edward D.
Scott, Nigel
Leary, Jon
Keywords: Biomass cooking
Grid extension
Off-grid electricity
Renewable energy
Climate change policies
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: © The authors. Published by MDPI AG
Citation: BATCHELOR, S. ... et al., 2019. Two birds, one stone—Reframing cooking energy policies in Africa and Asia. Energies, 12(9): 1591.
Abstract: For the past 40 years, the dominant ‘policy’ on cooking energy in the Global South has been to improve the combustion efficiency of biomass fuels. This was said to alleviate the burdens of biomass cooking for three billion people by mitigating emissions, reducing deforestation, alleviating expenditure and collection times on fuels and increasing health outcomes. By 2015, international agencies were openly saying it was a failing policy. The dispersal of improved cookstoves was not keeping up with population growth, increasing urbanisation was leading to denser emissions and evidence suggested health effects of improved stoves were not as expected. A call was made for a new strategy, something other than ‘business as usual’. Conventional wisdom suggests that access to electricity is poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), that it is too expensive and that weak grids prevent even connected households from cooking. Could a new strategy be built around access to electricity (and gas)? Could bringing modern energy for cooking to the forefront kill two birds with one stone? In 2019, UK Aid announced a multi-million-pound programme on ‘Modern Energy Cooking Services’ (MECS), specifically designed to explore alternative approaches to address cooking energy concerns in the Global South. This paper outlines the rationale behind such a move, and how it will work with existing economies and policies to catalyse a global transition.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: The research programme named is funded by UK Aid (GB-GOV-1-300123). The research that led to the programme and supports the argument in the paper was funded by EPSRC (EP/L022311/1) and InnovateUK (132724) with matching funds by Gamos Ltd., who also invested in the research as a public good
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/en12091591
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/37773
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091591
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Geography and Environment)

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