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Title: AIS 3+ head injury mechanisms and crash characteristics - a review of airbag deployed crashes
Authors: Welsh, Ruth
Reed, Steven
Morris, Andrew
Keywords: Airbag
Frontal impacts
Side impacts
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: International Research Committee on the Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)
Citation: WELSH, R., REED, S. and MORRIS, A., 2008. AIS 3+ head injury mechanisms and crash characteristics - a review of airbag deployed crashes. International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, 17-19 September, Bern, Switzerland
Abstract: Previous studies have shown steering hub airbags to be effective in reducing the rate of serious head and facial injuries for drivers of passenger cars involved in frontal impacts. However, real world accident data shows that approximately 3% (50 out of 1680) of drivers in a sample of crashes received an AIS 3+ head injury despite a steering hub airbag having deployed. For struck-side occupants with deployed head protection 12% had an AIS 3+ head injury. This paper examines the nature and mechanism of the specific head injuries together with the surrounding crash characteristics in order to identify further occupant protection requirements beyond the scope and capability of the airbag. The in-depth case review has revealed that, among cases within the CCIS database, only 0.5% of those with deployed frontal head protection but 12% of those with deployed struck-side head protection show potential for improvement in occupant head protection.
Description: This is a conference paper. The proceedings of this conference are available from: http://www.ircobi.org/publications.htm
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4064
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Presentations (Design School)

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