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|Title: ||Impact of health and safety management on safety performance of small and medium-sized construction businesses in Ghana|
|Authors: ||Kheni, Nongiba A.|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Publisher: ||© Nongiba Alkanam Kheni|
|Abstract: ||Health and safety at construction sites deals with both physical and psychological well being
of workers on construction sites and other persons whose health is likely to be adversely
affected by construction activities. It is of primary concern to employers, employees,
governments and project participants. Although accident figures of the construction industry
remain unacceptably high, some achievements in health and safety have been made.
Nevertheless, the role of enabling socioeconomic, cultural, political, and institutional
environments in health and safety management has either been overlooked or underemphasized.
The importance of such enabling environments in this thesis is couched from the
context of developing countries in particular, Ghana.
In broader terms, the links between the socioeconomic, cultural, political, and institutional
environments and health and safety at construction sites are still poorly understood. This
thesis aims to understand the influence of the contextual environment on health and safety
management within construction SMEs in Ghana and to develop a framework of
recommendations for improving health and safety performance of the sector based on the
analyses of the contextual environment.
The thesis has adopted a multimethods strategy design, employing data collection techniques
suited to the research setting. The discussion of results highlight the significance of the
Ghanaian socio-cultural value systems particularly, the extended family system and
traditional religious value systems in health and safety management within Ghanaian
construction SMEs. The institutional structure for implementing health and safety standards
on construction sites and the prevailing economic climate which undermines an enabling
environment hinder construction SMEs from managing the risks of hazards on construction
sites effectively. The research also gives insights into the difficulties posed by the internal
environment of SMEs to the effective management of health and safety.
Key issues identified by this study include: lack of skilled human resources; inadequate
government support so construction SMEs; inefficiencies in the institutional structure responsible for implementing health and safety standards; the practice of corporate social
responsibility; appropriate procurement practices; and, commitment to extended family
obligations. These key issues need to be further explored. The study has made
recommendations which, if adopted, will lead to significant improvements in the health and
safety performance of construction SMEs in Ghana.|
|Description: ||A doctoral thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for
the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.|
|Appears in Collections:||PhD Theses (Civil and Building Engineering)|
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