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Title: A whirlwind in occupied Holland
Authors: Shama, Gilbert
van der Els, Gerben
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: © American Society for Microbiology
Citation: SHAMA, G. and VAN DER ELS, G., 2008. A whirlwind in occupied Holland. Microbe, 3 (11), pp. 511-515
Abstract: ● Two separate groups of Dutch microbiologists led clandestine efforts to produce antibiotics while the country was occupied during World War II. ● In one of these efforts, J.V. Köningsberger and Abraham van Luyk at the Botanical Laboratory in Utrecht tested antibiotics produced by Penicillium expansum on animals and humans. ● Although hampered by wartime censorship, this Dutch group benefitted from information on penicillin from an unusual source—namely, a leaflet that British Royal Air Force (RAF) fliers dropped over Holland. ● The group in Utrecht laboured under conditions of severe deprivation, but despite their best efforts their work came to an abrupt end in August 1944 when gas and electricity supplies collapsed.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Microbe [© American Society for Microbiology] and the definitive version is available at: http://www.asm.org/microbe/ No material may be reproduced without the permission of the author. No changes may be made to the material without first obtaining permission from both ASM and the author, and any such changes must be identified in the material when it is published.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4088
ISSN: 1558-7452
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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