ALEXANDROV, A.S., 2008. Unconventional pairing symmetry of layered superconductors caused by acoustic phonons. Physical Review B, 77(9), 094502 pp. 1-5.
An inevitable anisotropy of sound velocity in crystals makes the phonon-mediated attraction of electrons
nonlocal in space providing unconventional Cooper pairs with a nonzero orbital momentum. As a result of this
anisotropy, quasi-two-dimensional charge carriers weakly coupled with acoustic phonons undergo a quantum
phase transition from a conventional s-wave to an unconventional d-wave superconducting state with less
carriers per unit cell. In the opposite strong-coupling regime, rotational symmetry breaking appears as a result
of a reduced Coulomb repulsion between unconventional bipolarons dismissing thereby some constraints on
unconventional pairing in the Bose-Einstein condensation limit. The conventional acoustic phonons, and not
superexchange, are shown to be responsible for the d-wave symmetry of cuprate superconductors, where the
on-site Coulomb repulsion is large.