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|Title: ||Car-free development through UK community travel plans|
|Authors: ||Morris, David|
Enoch, Marcus P.
Ison, Stephen G.
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||© Thomas Telford|
|Citation: ||MORRIS, D. ... et al, 2009. Car-free development through UK community travel plans. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers : Urban Design and Planning, 162 (DP1), pp. 19-27|
|Abstract: ||European residential car-free development projects
generally take the form of larger car-free ‘districts’ that
provide both lifestyle and mobility incentives to residents,
including green space, a safer play environment
for children, car clubs and improved public transport
provision. In contrast, most car-free housing in the
UK thus far has taken the form of small-scale infi ll
developments that rely on existing public transport
infrastructure and local amenities. This paper reviews
the progress of car-free housing in Europe and the UK.
The shortcomings of current forms of UK car-free
housing are discussed and a methodology is presented
for furthering car-free development through community
travel plans (CTPs), which are emerging as a progression
of workplace travel plans. The paper suggests that the
current UK ‘do minimum’ approach offers relatively little
incentive to potential residents and is not an effective
means of promoting the concept of car-free living.
Furthermore, the lack of an integrated approach towards
delivering mobility measures is a barrier to developing
more extensive car-free neighbourhoods that would be
more attractive to residents wishing to reduce their car
use. The paper suggests that there is a need to adopt a
European model for car-free housing, through the
incorporation of area-wide CTPs. The use of CTPs is
discussed in relation to reducing car dependency within
existing communities and also as a means of facilitating
|Description: ||This article was published in the journal, Proceedings of ICE, Urban Design and Planning [© Thomas Telford] and is also available at: http://www.thomastelford.com/journals/|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)|
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