LINTON, C.M. and MCIVER, M., 1995. The interaction of waves with horizontal cylinders in two-layer fluids. Journal of Fluid Mechanics Digital Archive, 304, pp. 213-229
We consider two-dimensional problems based on linear water wave theory concerning the interaction of waves with horizontal cylinders in a fluid consisting of a layer of finite depth bounded above by a free surface and below by an infinite layer of fluid of greater density. For such a situation time-harmonic waves can propagate with two different wavenumbers K and k. In a single-layer fluid there are a number of reciprocity relations that exist connecting the various hydrodynamic quantities that arise. These relations are systematically extended to the two-fluid case. It is shown that for symmetric bodies the solutions to scattering problems where the incident wave has wavenumber K and those where it has wavenumber k are related so that the solution to both can be found by just solving one of them. The particular problems of wave scattering by a horizontal circular cylinder in either the upper or lower layer are then solved using multipole expansions.