ENOCH, M.P. and ISON, S.G., 2004. Limiting car use through controls on private parking providers: a study of worldwide policy options. Paper 456, H10 Urban Transport Policy, World Conference on Transportation Research, Istanbul, Turkey, 4-8 July
Controlling parking provision has long been recognised as one of the most effective
mechanisms for reducing car use. But in many countries, local transport authorities have
only been able to influence the price and availability of parking spaces under their direct
influence, while a significant proportion of parking spaces owned by other agencies (e.g.
50% of off-street spaces in the UK) have remained uncontrolled.
The aim of this paper is to review the problem and the range of policy instruments
currently utilised throughout the world where private parking spaces are controlled by
Local Government to examine how the use of such policy options might be utilised more
extensively and effectively. To achieve this the paper draws on a number of vignettes
based on an extensive review of the literature and structured interviews with key
stakeholders responsible for implementing the policy instruments discussed.
It concludes by suggesting that while the control of public parking spaces by pricing and
regulatory means is now widespread there still remains scope for reducing traffic
movements by ‘encouraging’ private providers to reduce their parking provision.