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Title: Urban fluvial flood modelling using a two-dimensional diffusion-wave treatment, part 2: development of a sub-grid-scale treatment
Authors: Yu, Dapeng
Lane, Stuart N.
Keywords: Fluvial flood modelling
Urban areas
Raster-based modelling
Sub-grid wetting treatment
Spatial resolution
Process representation
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: © John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Citation: YU, D. and LANE, S.N., 2006. Urban fluvial flood modelling using a two-dimensional diffusion-wave treatment, part 2: development of a sub-grid-scale treatment. Hydrological Processes, 20 (7), pp. 1567-1583
Abstract: This paper develops and tests a sub-grid scale wetting and drying correction for use with 2D diffusion wave models of urban flood inundation. The method recognises explicitly that representations of sub-grid scale topography using roughness parameters will provide an inadequate representation of the effects of structural elements on the floodplain (e.g. buildings, walls) as such elements not only act as momentum sinks, but also have mass blockage effects. The latter may dominate, especially in structurally complex urban areas. The approach developed uses high resolution topographic data to develop explicit parameterisation of sub-grid scale topographic variability to represent both the volume of a grid cell that can be occupied by the flow and the effect of that variability upon the timing and direction of the lateral fluxes. This approach is found to give significantly better prediction of fluvial flood inundation in urban areas as compared with traditional calibration of sub grid-scale effects using Manning’s n. In particular, it simultaneously reduces the need to use exceptionally high values of n to represent the effects of using coarser meshes process representation whilst simultaneously increasing the sensitivity of model predictions to variation in n.
Description: This article is Restricted Access. It was published in the journal, Hydrological Processes [© John Wiley & Sons, Ltd] and is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.5936
Version: Restricted access
DOI: 10.1002/hyp.5936
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4484
ISSN: 1099-1085
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Geography and Environment)

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