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Title: Newtonian mechanics in scale of minutia
Authors: Teodorescu, M.
Rahnejat, Homer
Keywords: Viscous flow
Contact mechanics
Micro- and nanoscale contacts
Adhesion
Van der waals
Meniscus
Hydration
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing / © IMECHE
Citation: TEODORESCU, M. and RAHNEJAT, H., 2008. Newtonian mechanics in scale of minutia. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, 222 (4), pp. 393-405
Abstract: This article commemorates Newton's contributions to mechanics in small scale. In particular, it deals with Newtonian slow viscous action of fluids in narrow conjunctions leading to hydrodynamics. It is shown that the Newtonian continuum relies on some bulk properties of fluids as opposed to their molecular interactions. When the latter and surface energy effects become dominant, the interaction potentials deviate from the Newtonian continuum. A plethora of largely empirically based force laws are used to describe conjunctional behaviours in nanoscale, usually lightly loaded. Some of these force laws are described, and their applicability to nanoconjunctions of very small devices and some biological systems is noted. In general, a thorough understanding of all the involved kinetics is required. Representative problems in soft nanoscale contacts in normal (humid) atmosphere are highlighted in the article. It is shown that contact load/adhesion depends on several key parameters including surface roughness, surface free energy, atmospheric moisture, and normal approach velocity.
Description: This article was published in the Journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics [© IMECHE]. The definitive version is available at: http://www.pepublishing.com/
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1243/14644193JMBD163
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4683
ISSN: 1464-4193
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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