AZMAN, M. ... et al., 2004. Influence of anti-dive and anti-squat geometry in combined vehicle bounce and pitch dynamics. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, 218 (4), pp. 231-242
The paper presents a six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) multi-body vehicle model, including realistic representation of suspension kinematics. The suspension system comprises anti-squat and anti-dive element. The vehicle model is employed to study the effect of these features upon combined bounce and pitch plane dynamics of the vehicle, when subjected to bump riding events. The investigations are concerned with a real vehicle and the numerical predictions show reasonable agreement with measurements obtained on an instrumented vehicle under the same manoeurves.