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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4838

Title: Correcting mass measurement of diesel particulate filters at non-ambient temperatures
Authors: Williams, Andrew M.
Garner, Colin P.
Keywords: Diesel particulate filter
Wall flow filter
Particulate matter
Mass measurement
Ceramic foam
Buoyancy
Correction
Non-ambient temperature
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing / © IMECHE
Citation: WILLIAMS, A.M. and GARNER, C.P., 2009. Correcting mass measurement of diesel particulate filters at non-ambient temperatures. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 223(1), pp. 99-105.
Abstract: Diesel particulate filters (DPFs) are becoming a widespread method for reducing the particulate matter (PM) emissions from both on-highway and off-highway automotive diesel engines. Mass measurements of DPFs are commonly used to determine rapidly both the amount of PM trapped by the filter and the amount regenerated (removed) by regeneration systems. To avoid issues with adsorption of atmospheric water the filters are often weighed at elevated temperatures. It is shown in this work that at elevated temperatures the filters weigh less than at lower temperatures as a direct result of the buoyant hot air within the filter substrate. This study shows that consideration of the buoyancy forces allows for correction of the mass measurement for the errors relating to the non-ambient temperature of the filter, allowing mass measurements at elevated temperatures while avoiding adsorption of atmospheric water on to the filter substrate and, therefore, improving the accuracy of mass-measurement-based studies of filtration and regeneration performance of DPFs. It is demonstrated that a filter with approximately 85 per cent overall porosity weighed at 150 °C in ambient temperatures will have an error of about 0.3 g/l (typically about 10 per cent of the trapped PM mass) in the mass measurement when not correcting for the temperature. By way of an example, this is shown to have potentially an important effect on the calculated trapped PM.
Description: This is an article from the journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering [© IMechE ]. It is also available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/09544070JAUTO834
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1243/09544070JAUTO834
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4838
ISSN: 0954-4070
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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