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Title: Modeling the electromigration failure time distribution in short copper interconnects
Authors: Dwyer, Vincent M.
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: © American Institute of Physics
Citation: DWYER, V.M., 2008. Modeling the electromigration failure time distribution in short copper interconnects. Journal of Applied Physics, 104 (5), 053708
Abstract: The electromigration EM lifetime in short copper interconnects is modeled using a previously developed means of generating realistic interconnect microstructures combined with the one-dimensional stress evolution equation of Korhonen et al. J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3790 1993 . This initial analysis describes the void nucleation and subsequent growth in lines blocked at one end and terminated with a pad at the other. For short copper interconnects, the failure time is largely spent on void growth, and, for sufficiently short lines (≤ 50 mm), the growth is largely steady state. This allows for the development of a simple expression for the variation of the failure time with microstructure. Assuming that the diffusion activation energies are normally distributed, the permanence property of summed lognormals leads to a roughly lognormal distribution for EM failure times. Importantly for EM design rules, linear extrapolation on lognormal plot is found to slightly underestimate interconnect reliability.
Description: This article was published in the serial, Journal of Applied Physics [© American Institute of Physics]. It is also available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2970171
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1063/1.2970171
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/4986
ISSN: 0021-8979
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering)

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