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Title: Energy recovery for reverse osmosis desalination in Mexico
Authors: Bermudez-Contreras, Alfredo S.
Thomson, Murray
Keywords: Desalination
Reverse osmosis
Energy recovery
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: International Water Association (IWA) / Instituto de Ingeniería, National Autonomous University of Mexico
Citation: BERMUDEZ-CONTRERAS, A.S. and THOMSON, M., 2008. Energy recovery for reverse osmosis desalination in Mexico. Proceedings of the 1st IWA Mexico National Young Water Professionals Conference, Mexico City 9-11 April 2008.
Abstract: This paper presents estimates of potential energy savings brought about by the use of energy recovery in small seawater reverse osmosis systems and the implications this could have for Mexico. Energy consumption in well designed reverse osmosis systems around the world without energy recovery ranges from 6-8 kWh/m3. The use of energy recovery can reduce this to 2-3 kWh/m3. The increasing use of reverse osmosis desalination to supply human settlements, agriculture and industry with good quality freshwater in Mexico and today’s record energy prices, highlight the paramount importance of making reverse osmosis installations as efficient as possible. Unfortunately, the associated energy recovery technology is not yet mainstream, and is often neglected, especially in smaller plants due to the comparatively higher capital cost of energy recovery at the small scale. This situation exists in many of seawater systems worldwide and leads to higher running costs and increased environmental impact. This paper also presents an overview of the water and desalination situation in Mexico and it reviews the main desalination technologies and the main energy recovery options for reverse osmosis systems. A case study is also presented where annual energy consumption can be reduced by over 15,000 kWh and potential running cost savings add up to $ 11,000 MXN for a system producing 1 m3/h. The case is then extended to the whole country.
Description: This is a conference paper. The conference proceedings were edited by Instituto de Ingeniería, National Autonomous University of Mexico. Further details of the conference are available at: http://www.iwahq.org/templates/ld_templates/layout_633184.aspx?ObjectId=660561
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/5115
ISBN: 9789703255153
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Presentations (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)
Conference Papers and Contributions (CREST)

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