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|Title: ||The effects of area-wide road speed and curvature on traffic casualties in England|
|Authors: ||Wang, Chao|
Quddus, Mohammed A.
Ison, Stephen G.
|Keywords: ||Transport safety|
Area-wide road speed
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||© Elsevier|
|Citation: ||WANG, C., QUDDUS, M.A. and ISON, S.G., 2009. The effects of area-wide road speed and curvature on traffic casualties in England. Journal of Transport Geography, 17 (5), pp. 385-395|
|Abstract: ||Transport provides a range of benefits to society in terms of mobility, access and economic growth. There
are however negative impacts of transport, not least in terms of environmental degradation, damage to
property, traffic accidents and loss of life. This paper focuses on road traffic accidents, the reduction of
which is an important aim of transport policy world wide. The primary objective of this paper is to
develop a series of relationships using spatially disaggregated area-level cross-sectional data between
different traffic casualties, road traffic speed and road curvature by controlling for other contributing factors
associated with area characteristics. The spatial units of the analysis are the 8019 census wards in
England. Ward-level casualty data are disaggregated by severity of the casualty (such as fatalities, serious
injuries and slight injuries) and by the severity of the casualty related to various road users.
The results suggest that increased average speed within a ward is positively associated with total fatalities
and serious injuries; and road curvature is found to be negatively associated with road accidents.|
|Description: ||This article was published in the Journal of Transport Geography [© Elsevier]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2008.06.003|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)|
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