Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/5343

Title: Zones of inhibition? The transfer of information relating to penicillin in Europe during World War II. [Chapter 5 Zones of Inhibition? The Transfer of Information Relating to Penicillin in Europe during World War II].
Authors: Shama, Gilbert
Keywords: Penicillin
Information transfer
World War II
Penicillium notatum
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: SHAMA, G., 2009. Zones of inhibition? The transfer of information relating to penicillin in Europe during World War II. IN: Laskin, Allen I. (ed). Advances in Applied Microbiology, Vol 69, Chapter 5, pp. 133-58
Abstract: Alexander Fleming published his first description of penicillin in 1929, but the journal articles that were to propel penicillin from its relative obscurity were those of Howard Florey and his co-workers at Oxford University. These were published in The Lancet in the early years of World War II and although wartime conditions restricted the flow of information on penicillin throughout Europe, they never succeeded in shutting it off altogether. In Germany an information-gathering initiative was established in the early phases of the war to systematically copy and distribute British and American scientific articles. A similar, though less well resourced, operation was permitted to function in Occupied France. Both of these operations were to yield up information on penicillin to their respective scientists. However, workers in other countries of occupied Europe fared less well; there was a dearth of information on penicillin in Holland but despite this, activity to produce the antibiotic still took place. Central to the production of penicillin at this time was access to a strain of Fleming’s strain of Penicillium notatum, and an attempt to explain how this particular strain found its way to various European laboratories is given here.
Description: This article was published as Chapter 5 in Advances in Applied Microbiology [© Elsevier]. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00652164
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2164(09)69005-5
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/5343
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2164(09)69005-5
ISBN: 9780123748249
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Shama.pdf282.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

 

SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.