HILEY, M.J. and YEADON, M.R., 2008. Optimisation of high bar circling technique for consistent performance of a triple piked somersault dismount. Journal of Biomechanics, 41 (8), pp.1730–1735.
The dismount from the high bar is one of the most spectacular skills performed in Men’s Artistic Gymnastics. Hiley and Yeadon (2005) optimised the technique in the backward giant circle prior to release using a computer simulation model to show that a gymnast could generate sufficient linear and angular momentum to perform a triple piked backward somersault dismount with a sufficiently large release window (the period of time during which the gymnast could release the bar and successfully complete the dismount).
In the present study it was found that when the timing of the actions at the hip and shoulder joints from the optimum simulation were perturbed by 30 ms the resulting simulation could no longer meet the criteria for sufficient aerial rotation and release window. Since it is to be expected that a gymnast’s technique can cope with small errors in timing for consistent performance, a requirement of robustness to timing perturbations should be included within the optimisation process. When the technique in the backward giant circle was optimised to be robust to 30 ms perturbations it was found that sufficient linear and angular momentum for a triple piked dismount could be achieved with a realistic release window.