KING, M.A., WILSON, C. and YEADON, M.R., 2006. Evaluation of a torque-driven model of jumping for height. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 22 (4), pp.264-274.
This study used an optimisation procedure to evaluate an 8-segment torque-driven subject-specific computer
simulation model of the takeoff phase in running jumps for height. Kinetic and kinematic data were obtained
on a running jump performed by an elite male high jumper. Torque generator activation timings were varied to
minimise the difference between simulation and performance in terms of kinematic and kinetic variables
subject to constraints on the joint angles at takeoff to ensure that joints remained within their anatomical ranges
of motion. A percentage difference of 6.6% between simulation and recorded performance was obtained.
Maximising the height reached by the mass centre during the flight phase by varying torque generator
activation timings resulted in a credible height increase of 90 mm compared with the matching simulation.
These two results imply that the model is sufficiently complex and has appropriate strength parameters to give
realistic simulations of running jumps for height.