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Title: Contributions of twisting techniques used in backward somersaults with one twist
Authors: Yeadon, Maurice R.
Kerwin, David G.
Keywords: Twisting
Somersault
Simulation
Floor
Tumbling
Gymnastics
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: © Human Kinetics
Citation: YEADON, M.R. and KERWIN, D.G., 1999. Contributions of twisting techniques used in backward somersaults with one twist. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15 (2), pp. 152-165
Abstract: At the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games, 18 single somersaults with one twist in the women’s compulsory floor exercises were recorded using two video cameras. An 11 segment computer simulation model was used to analyse the twisting techniques used. It was found that counter-rotation techniques accounted for less than one third of the twist for all gymnasts indicating that the production of twist was mainly a consequence of the angular momentum and a non-zero tilt angle. Contributions to the tilt angle reached at the mid-twist position were used as measures of the twisting potential of various techniques. Contact techniques accounted for 30% of the tilt produced, the remainder being produced using aerial techniques which primarily comprised a symmetrical lowering of the arms together with minor contributions from asymmetrical arm and hip movements. There was no evidence of a difference in technique between the highest and lowest scoring competitors.
Description: This article was published in the serial, Journal of Applied Biomechanics [© Human Kinetics]. The definitive version is available at: http://hk.humankinetics.com/JAB/journalAbout.cfm
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/6237
Publisher Link: http://journals.humankinetics.com/AcuCustom/SiteName/Documents/DocumentItem/2373.pdf
ISSN: 1065-8483
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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