YEADON, M.R. and KERWIN, D.G., 1999. Contributions of twisting techniques used in backward somersaults with one twist. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 15 (2), pp. 152-165
At the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games, 18 single somersaults with one twist in the
women’s compulsory floor exercises were recorded using two video cameras. An 11
segment computer simulation model was used to analyse the twisting techniques used.
It was found that counter-rotation techniques accounted for less than one third of the
twist for all gymnasts indicating that the production of twist was mainly a consequence
of the angular momentum and a non-zero tilt angle. Contributions to the tilt angle
reached at the mid-twist position were used as measures of the twisting potential of
various techniques. Contact techniques accounted for 30% of the tilt produced, the
remainder being produced using aerial techniques which primarily comprised a
symmetrical lowering of the arms together with minor contributions from asymmetrical
arm and hip movements. There was no evidence of a difference in technique between
the highest and lowest scoring competitors.