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|Title: ||Prevention through design: The effect of European Directives on construction workplace accidents|
|Authors: ||Martinez Aires, M.D.|
Rubio Gamez, M.C.
Gibb, Alistair G.F.
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||© Elsevier|
|Citation: ||MARTINEZ AIRES, M.D., RUBIO GAMEZ, M.C. and GIBB, A.G.F., 2010. Prevention through design: The effect of European Directives on construction workplace accidents. Safety Science, 48(2), pp. 248-258.|
|Abstract: ||Workplace accidents still occur with distressing frequency, particularly in construction. Industrialized
countries have become increasingly aware of this situation and have adopted policies to attempt to deal with
this issue. Such policies have led to the development of new laws and regulations with a view to improving
This paper first analyzes policies regarding accident prevention in the European Union, as initially stipulated
in the European Framework Directive 89/391/EEC, and more specifically in Directive 92/57/EEC, on the
implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites,
concentrating on prevention through design. Whilst designers previously had some responsibilities for
reducing risk under common law provisions in many countries, this directive was the first explicit legislation to
enforce particular duties upon them. The adaptation of the provisions in this directive to the national
legislation of EU member countries is also studied.
The second section of the paper analyzes the incidence rate of workplace accidents in the construction
sector in each country from the year when these regulations came into force until the present time. Based on
the evolution of these accident rates, the paper postulates the extent to which European policies have
contributed to accident prevention in construction. It is now more than a decade since this legislation has
been in force which provides a suitable period for a reflective analysis on it is impact.|
|Description: ||This is a journal article. It was published in the journal, Safety Science [© Elsevier] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2009.09.004|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)|
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