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Title: Pro-poor water tariff under uncertain socio-economic conditions: a study of Palestine
Authors: Alamarah, Abdelrahman
Keywords: Water tariff
Socio-economic indicators
Pro-poor
Water poverty index
Uncertain environment
Increasing Block Tariff (IBT)
Integrated water resources management (IWRM)
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Abdelrahman Alamarah
Abstract: The availability and management of water resources is a global issue, this is particularly true in countries with limited water resources, such as Palestine, which falls under the Water Stress Line (1000 m3/person/year)1. Palestine has operated under an -unstable political, economic and social conditions for more than six decades. This uncertainty has resulted in mismanagement, inefficient institutions and the over-xploitation of water resources. The main aim of this study was to produce socioeconomic indicators based on the water tariff structure in order to be pro-poor and to enable water utilities to cope with uncertainties. The study s recommendation is for a flexible, pro-poor and socially acceptable tariff structure have been based on empirical work and socio-economic data which has been collected by rigorous research and reinforced with case studies. Initial results based on a pilot survey showed that there was a 33% increase in the revenue of the water supplier equivalent to 13% of the total water costs and an increase in the number of beneficiaries that paid their bills ranging from 10.5% to 38.6%. If applied at national level, the model application based on current socioeconomic data would have a wide positive socio-economic impact in reducing poverty, financial equality, social security and reduction of the effect of uncertainties. The reform of the existing legal and institution framework are a prerequisite for the application of this kind of model. Institutional and legal reforms coupled with the application of this model, would produce a dynamic water pricing policy as part of the efforts to have an integrated water management and would serve as a tool for the national goal of poverty alleviation and food security.
Description: A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/6352
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses (Civil and Building Engineering)

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annex2 ,pilot project.xls154.5 kBMicrosoft ExcelView/Open
alamarah , theses.pdf4.35 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

 

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