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Title: Musculoskeletal symptoms in pharmaceutical sales representatives
Authors: Sang, Katherine J.C.
Gyi, Diane E.
Haslam, Cheryl
Keywords: Driving
Manual handling
Musculoskeletal symptoms
Pharmaceutical sales representatives
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine / © The Authors
Citation: SANG, K.J.C., GYI, D.E. and HASLAM, C., 2010. Musculoskeletal symptoms in pharmaceutical sales representatives. Occupational Medicine, 60 (2), pp. 108–114.
Abstract: Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a leading cause of work-related ill health. Existing literature indicates that pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs) report a high prevalence of MSDs, possibly exacerbated by the nature of work (prolonged driving and manual handling). In addition, they experience difficulty in accessing occupational health services. Aims: To assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and associated risk factors among PSRs in order to assist their occupational health management through raising risk awareness. Methods: A self-completed questionnaire distributed to 205 PSRs within a UK pharmaceutical company was used to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, psychosocial factors, work tasks undertaken and company car use. To assist understanding of work tasks and organizational factors, semistructured interviews were undertaken with a sample of 12 key personnel. Results: The questionnaire response rate was 68%. PSRs reported high mileage and 100% reported working from the car in a typical day. Forty-seven per cent reported both manual handling for ‡4 h/day and ‘often’ or ‘sometimes’ working from the car. Fifty-seven per cent reported low back symptoms in the last 12 months. Interview data revealed issues relating to car choice, storage in the boot and working from the car, which should be considered when developing priorities for preventive management of MSDs. Conclusions Musculoskeletal symptoms appear to be a problem for PSRs, with risk factors reported as prolonged driving, sitting in the car, working from the car and manual handling. Interventions to facilitate their occupational health management should focus on raising awareness of the risks of prolonged driving and working from the car.
Description: This article is Closed Access. It was published in the journal, Occupational Medicine, and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqp145
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqp145
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/6487
ISSN: 0962-7480
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Design School)

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