Chemical kinetics has been widely acknowledged as a fundamental theory in analysis of chemical processes and the corresponding reaction outputs and rates. The study and application of chemical kinetics thus provide a simulation tool to predict many characteristics a chemical process. Oxidation of hydrocarbon fuels applied in internal combustion engines is a complex chemical process involving a great number of a series of chained reaction steps and intermediate and simultaneous species. Symbolic and Numerical description of such a chemical process leads to the development and application of chemical kinetics models. The up-to-date application of chemical kinetics models is to the simulation of autoignition process in internal combustion engines.
Multi-zone thermodynamic combustion modelling has been regarded as a functional simulation approach to studying combustion process in IC engines as a decent compromise between computation accuracy and efficiency. Integration of chemical kinetics models into multi-zone models is therefore a potential modelling method to investigate the chemical and physical processes of autoignition in engine combustion.
This research work has been therefore concerned with the development, validation and application of multi-zone chemical kinetic engine models in the simulation of autoignition driven combustion in SI and HCCI engines. The contribution of this work is primarily made to establish a mathematical model based on the underlying physical and chemical principles of autoignition of the fuel-air mixture in SI and HCCI engines. Then, a computer code package has been developed to numerically solve the model. The derived model aims at improving the understanding of autoignition behaviour under engine-like conditions and providing an investigative tool to autoignition characteristics. Furthermore, as part of the ongoing program in the research of free piston engines, the results of this work will significantly aid in the investigation and simulation of the constant volume autoignition applied in free piston engines.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.