The purpose of this study is to provide a more reflective climate for the teaching of
games in Hong Kong and if appropriate, to start the process of introducing a different
teaching approach. The current climate of games teaching in Hong Kong was
evidenced by the review of the P. E. syllabus, the feedback collected from the P. E.
lecturers, national governing bodies and P. E. teachers who are in favour of the
traditional approach. Interestingly, 47 out of 155 teachers (30.4%) found difficulty
with the existing teaching approach. A pilot study and two workshops provided
encouraging results to pave the road for the main and second trial teachings. To suit
the culture in Hong Kong, the modified cognitive approach was adopted in the main
trial teaching and then followed by the cognitive approach (teaching games for
understanding) in the second trial teaching. Two groups of 8 experienced and
inexperienced P. E. teachers (4 male and 4 female) were invited to teach Basketball and
Volleyball to 420 students in two trials of teaching. Two sets of questionnaires were
distributed to study the affective aspects of the teachers and students after each
approach. A follow-up interview was designed to study teachers' changes one year
after the workshop. For the teachers' responses in the Basketball group, significant
results indicated that the teachers (t value 3.29 p<0.05) gained more enjoyment with
the modified cognitive approach. The results in the follow-up interview indicated that
they had different changesin fluencedb y the new approach.F or the students' responses
of the Basketball and Volleyball groups, significant result showed that the boys
obtained more enjoyment with the modified cognitive approach taught by the male
teachers than the girls taught by the female teachers. No significant difference was
found in the Basketball group but in the Volleyball group, the students were more
enjoyable with the modified cognitive approach taught by the experienced teachers.
The findings imply that since both the teachers and students felt comfortable and
enjoyed teaching games with the understanding approach, it is an appropriate time to
introduce it to Hong Kong.
Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.