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Title: A two segment simulation model of long horse vaulting
Authors: King, Mark A.
Yeadon, Maurice R.
Kerwin, David G.
Keywords: Computer simulation
Sports biomechanics
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: KING, M.A., YEADON, M.R. and KERWIN, D.G., 1999. A two segment simulation model of long horse vaulting. Journal of Sports Sciences, 17 (4), pp. 313-324.
Abstract: Optimum preflight characteristics of the Hecht and handspring somersault vaults were determined using a two segment simulation model. The model comprised an arm segment and a body segment connected by a frictionless pin joint, simulating the vault from Reuther board takeoff through to landing. During horse contact shoulder torque was set to zero in the model. Five independent preflight variables were varied over realistic ranges and an objective function was maximised to find the optimum preflight for each vault. The Hecht vault required a low trajectory of the mass centre during preflight with a low vertical velocity of the mass centre and a low angular velocity of the body at horse contact. In contrast the optimum handspring somersault required a high preflight trajectory with a high angular velocity of the body and a high vertical velocity at horse contact. Despite the simplicity of the model, the optimum preflights were similar to those used in competitive performances.
Description: This article was published in the serial, Journal of Sports Sciences [© Taylor and Francis]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026404199366028
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/026404199366028
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/6962
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026404199366028
ISSN: 0264-0414
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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