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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/7046

Title: A study of particle histories during spray drying using computational fluid dynamic simulations
Authors: Anandharamakrishnan, C.
Gimbun, Jolius
Stapley, A.G.F.
Rielly, Chris D.
Keywords: Impact positions
Particle velocity and temperature
Residence time
Spray drying
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Taylor and Francis
Citation: ANANDHARAMAKRISHNAN, C. ... et al, 2010. A study of particle histories during spray drying using computational fluid dynamic simulations. Drying Technology, 28 (5), pp. 566-576.
Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for short-form and tall-form spray dryers have been developed, assuming constant rate drying and including particle tracking using the source-in-cell method. The predictions from these models have been validated against published experimental data and other simulations. This study differs from previous work in that particle time histories for velocity, temperature, and residence time and their impact positions on walls during spray drying have been extracted from the simulations. Due to wet-bulb protection effects, particle temperatures are often substantially different from gas temperatures, which is important, because the particle temperature–time history has the most direct impact on product quality. The CFD simulation of an existing tall-form spray dryer indicated that more than 60% of the particles impacted on the cylindrical wall and this may adversely affect product quality, because solids may adhere to the wall for appreciable times, dry out, and lose their wet-bulb protection. The model also predicts differences between the particle primary residence time distributions (RTD) and the gas phase RTD. This study indicates that a short-form dryer with a bottom outlet is more suitable for drying of heat-sensitive products, such as proteins, due to the low amounts of recirculated gas and hence shorter residence time of the particles.
Description: This is an electronic version of an article that was accepted for publication in the journal, Drying Technology [© Taylor & Francis] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373931003787918
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/07373931003787918
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/7046
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373931003787918
ISSN: 1532-2300
0737-3937
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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