A water resources and water demand management model has been developed
applicable to locations which experience specific constraints such as rapid population
growth, limited water resources and political disputes over water resources. The West
Bank was chosen as a case study.
The Research has suggested a paradigm for a comprehensive management framework
for large-scale water management problems in and and semi-arid areas. This
management framework can help to achieve sustainable water resources for meeting
water demand and preventing the gridlock and excessive legal expense of
uncoordinated and conflict-filled decision processes.
The attributes of management frameworks (some well known and others not so
familiar) begin with inclusion; that is, the framework should be comprehensive, with
extensive stakeholder involvement and collaboration. The decision processes should
be clear, action oriented, and adaptive. Other desirable qualities of the framework
include a focus on environmental integrity, technical aspects, financial aspects, social
implications, institutional aspects, political implications and use of proven
Today's international legislative structure is incapable of solving complex water
disputes. The Research has introduced one such multi-criteria decision tool for
quantification of water resources rights. For illustrative purposes, it was presented in
terms of the water-sharing problem facing Israel and the Palestinians. The
methodology is based upon the several factors identified by the International Law
Commission in its draft articles on the non-navigational uses of water.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.