This thesis is a study of contemporary British fascist ideology as expressed in the texts
produced by or in association with the British National Party (BNP). It differs from
previous studies in that it starts at the depth of the ideology and examines its rhetorical
and ideological structure. Drawing on the theory and methodology of critical discourse
analysis, this thesis explores the rhetorical and presentational strategies used in
contemporary British fascist texts. As such, it examines how constructions of us and
the Other are deracialised, warranted and constructed as fact.
The thesis also differs from previous studies in that it explores the pattern of
contemporary British fascist ideology and emphasises its intrinsically gendered nature.
Eugenics is taken as the core ideological theme of fascism, whose focus is on breeding a
racially pure and healthy nation. The notion of breeding ensures that gender lies at the
core of the ideology. Drawing on the idea of a polarised rhetorical and argumentative
structure, this thesis also examines how fascism constructs the ideological opposites of
The first opposite to eugenics explored in this thesis is liberal ideology and specifically
feminism. The analysis examines how fascist opposition to these is based on the
essentialist belief in the fixed biological nature of both race and gender. The analysis
looks at the presentational strategies as well as the argumentative content of antifeminist
discourse in contemporary British fascist texts. The second opposite to
eugenics explored is multiculturalism. The thesis explores how stories about rape
simultaneously construct race and warrant arguments about the harmful effects of their
presence on our society. The analysis examines the various presentational strategies
used to portray üs as the victims of the Other.
It is by studying the interconnection between these three themes that this thesis argues
that fascism, with its eugenic orientation, is not only a racial ideology but a gendered
one. The analysis of contemporary British fascist accounts undertaken in this thesis
goes some way to providing an understanding of the relationship between gender and
race that is at the essentialist core of fascist ideology.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.