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|Title: ||Organisational form and performance of urban public transport in Western European cities|
|Authors: ||Costa, Alvaro Fernando de Oliveira|
|Keywords: ||Metro da Madrid|
Public transport systems
|Issue Date: ||1996|
|Publisher: ||© Alvaro Costa|
|Abstract: ||In recent years, many Western European urban public transport systems have
undergone major reorganisation, including London (1985), Madrid (1985),
Manchester (1986), Zurich (1990), Antwerp (1991), Copenhagen (1991), Athens
(1992,1993), Gothenburg (1993) and Hamburg (1996). Other cities are also about
to implement reorganisationsin their public transports ystems.
Despite this, and with the exception of the British case, relatively little attention
has been paid in the literature to the determinants and effects of these changes.
Nevertheless, economics has benefited from individual contributions from people
involved in these reorganisations. The aim of this thesis is to address two main
weaknessesin the existing literature on the organisationo f urban public transport.
Firstly, there is a distinct shortage of studies integrating different experiences in
terms of forms of organisation.a nd their important features. Hence, emphasisi n
this thesis is placed on examining structural changes in urban public transport,
using a broad typology of organisations, and to explore related changes in the
conduct and performance of public transport systems.
A second weakness of the literature is the lack of detailed evaluations of the link
between forms of organisation and the performance of transport operators. The
evaluation of this link is carried out making use of case studies of Metro de Madrid
and London Underground.
The key objective of this thesis is to explore the existence of a link between
organisation of the urban public transport markets and the performance of
transport operators. Ile empirical analysis supports the hypothesis that
reorganisations induce changes in performance levels. Additionally, in the cases of
Metro de Madrid and London Underground, efficiency and effectiveness values
emerge as positively correlated which is contrary to evidence presented in previous
|Description: ||A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.|
|Appears in Collections:||PhD Theses (Economics)|
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