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|Title: ||Modem design for digital satellite communications|
|Authors: ||Talal, Mohammed|
|Issue Date: ||1997|
|Publisher: ||© M. Talal|
|Abstract: ||The thesis is concerned with the design of a phase-shift keying system for a
digital modem, operating over a satellite link. Computer simulation tests and
theoretical analyses are used to assess the proposed design.
The optimum design of both transmitter and receiver filters for the system to be
used in the modem are discussed. Sinusoidal roll-off spectrum with different roll-off
factor and optimum truncation lengths of the sample impulse response are designed
for the proposed scheme to approximate to the theoretical ideal. It has used an EF
bandpass filter to band limit the modulated signal, which forms part of the satellite
channel modelling. The high power amplifier (HPA) at the earth station has been
used in the satellite channel modelling due to its effect in introducing nonlinear AMAM
and AM-PM conversion effects and distortion on the transmitted signal from the
earth station. The satellite transponder is assumed to be operating in a linear mode.
Different phase-shift keying signals such as differentially encoded quaternary
phase-shift keying (DEQPSK), offset quaternary phase-shift keying (OQPSK) and
convolutionally encoded 8PSK (CE8PSK) signals are analysed and discussed in the
thesis, when the high power amplifier (HPA) at the earth station is operating in a
nonlinear mode. Convolutional encoding is discussed when applied to the system
used in the modem, and a Viterbi -algorithm decoder at the receiver has been used, for
CE8PSK signals for a nonlinear satellite channel. A method of feed-forward
synchronisation scheme is designed for carrier recovery in CE8PSK receiver.
The thesis describes a method of baseband linearizing the baseband signal in
order to reduce the nonlinear effects caused by the HPA at the earth station. The
scheme which compensates for the nonlinear effects of the HPA by predistorting the
baseband signal prior to modulation as opposed to correcting the distortion after
modulation, thus reducing the effects of nonlinear distortion introduced by the HPA.
The results of the improvement are presented.
The advanced technology of digital signal processors (DSPs) has been used in the implementation of the demodulation and digital filtering parts of the modem
replacing large parts of conventional circuits. The Viterbi-algorithm decoder for
CE8PSK signals has been implemented using a digital signal processor chip, giving excellent performance and is a cost effective and easy way for future developments
and any modifications,
The results showed that, by using the various studied techniques, as well as the
implementation of digital signal processor chip in parts of the modem, a potentially
more cost effective modem can be obtained.|
|Description: ||A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.|
|Appears in Collections:||PhD Theses (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)|
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