This research examined the role of facilitating agencies in promoting public-private
partnerships (PPP). Bangladesh's solid waste management sector was taken as a case
study. As is the case in many developing countries, municipalities in Bangladesh could not
cope with rapid urbanization resulting in a large proportion of solid waste remaining
uncollected. The private sector took the opportunity to fill this gap in service. They started
providing house-to-house garbage collection and charging citizens for this service. Therefore,
two streams of service providers-public and private-became active in the sector. In some
cities the two streams remained separate without coordination. In other cities the two sectors
formed partnership with support from facilitating agencies. This research investigated the
roles played by the facilitating agencies. Three broad aspects were investigated: (1) necessity
of facilitating agencies, (2) the role of a facilitating agency in sustainability of partnership, and
(3) the role of a facilitating agency in effectiveness of partnership. Four cities were included in
the study with varying degree of PPP and facilitation. Primary data were collected from public
and private sector staff, elected representatives, and citizens through interview, questionnaire
survey and observation.
PPP is a promising mechanism for urban service delivery. This study on the role of
facilitating agencies may illustrate how to achieve and sustain PPPs in developing countries.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.