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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/7839

Title: Biomechanical modelling of the whole human spine for dynamic analysis
Authors: Esat, Volkan
Keywords: Human spine
Intervertebral disc
Multi-body modelling
Finite element modelling
Biomechanics
Whiplash
Crash
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: © Volkan Esat
Abstract: Developing computational models of the human spine has been a hot topic in biornechanical research for a couple of decades in order to have an understanding of the behaviour of the whole spine and the individual spinal parts under various loading conditions. The objectives of this thesis are to develop a biofidefic multi-body model of the whole human spine especially for dynamic analysis of impact situations, such as frontal impact in a car crash, and to generate finite element (FE) models of the specific spinal parts to investigate causes of injury of the spinal components. As a proposed approach, the predictions of the multi-body model under dynamic impact loading conditions, such as reaction forces at lumbar motion segments, were utilised not only to have a better understanding of the gross kinetics and kinematics of the human spine, but also to constitute the boundary conditions for the finite element models of the selected spinal components. This novel approach provides a versatile, cost effective and powerful tool to analyse the behaviour of the spine under various loading conditions which in turn helps to develop a better understanding of injury mechanisms.
Description: A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/7839
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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