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Title: Constitutive modelling of municipal solid waste
Authors: Zhang, Bo
Keywords: Municipal solid waste
Constitutive model
Compression behaviour
Shear behaviour
Compressible particles
Reinforcing particles
Finite element method
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: © Bo Zhang
Abstract: Design of landfills must consider both stability and integrity of the lining system. Therefore, stresses and strains in both mineral and geosynthetic lining materials must be controlled. Interaction between waste and barrier system is of particular importance for assessing the stability and structural integrity of steep non-self supporting barrier systems. The most appropriate approach to assess the interaction is the use of numerical modelling techniques, and therefore an appropriate constitutive model for waste material is required to represent its mechanical behaviour. In a literature review the key aspects of mechanical behaviour of municipal solid waste (MSW) were investigated, including the influence of compressible and reinforcing particles on compression and shear behaviour of MSW were identified. Constitutive modelling of both MSW and soil material were reviewed, based on which the methodology for this study have been developed. In addition, requirements of an appropriate constitutive model for MSW have been suggested from the numerical modelling experience, and a framework to develop a constitutive model for MSW was produced. A one-dimensional compression model was developed by including the influence of compressible particles on MSW compression behaviour. One-dimensional compression tests on both real and synthetic waste samples were modelled and the results have shown that the compression model can reproduce the measured behaviour. A fibre reinforcing model was developed by including the influence of reinforcing particles on MSW shear behaviour. A triaxial compression test on fibre reinforced sand was modelled and the results have shown that the reinforcing model can predict its shear strength. A constitutive model for MSW has been developed by combining the Modified Cam-Clay with the one-dimensional compression and the fibre reinforcing models. Typical MSW triaxial compression tests have been modelled and the results have shown that the MSW model can reproduce the stress-strain behaviour in specific strain ranges. The constitutive model for MSW has been coded into a non-linear elasto-plastic finite element method program. Comparisons between the finite element analysis results and the analytical solutions have been performed and good agreements have been obtained.
Description: A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/7984
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses (Civil and Building Engineering)

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