As nations embrace e-government, the economic justification of ICT projects is not the
problem, at least for now. The problem now is the failure of these projects that may then
lead to wastage of resources. Current literature shows that goverrunents in developing
countries face more challenges than developed countries when implementing ICT
projects. Though literature on e-government has been increasing over the years, there is
little literature on its implementation in developing countries.
This thesis reviews the variables affecting the implementation of e-administration in
African countries with specific reference to Kenya. The thesis starts by reviewing the
variables for ICT implementation with reference to previous related research by
individualso r literaturef ound on the websiteso f developmenpt artners.C ases tudiesw ere
carried out in nine Kenyan Governmenmt inistriest o get the raw data for this research.
The data collected was analysed and compared with the knowledge gained from the
There is need to achieve the best possible implementation of ICT projects in government
and the tools developed in this research should assist planners and implementers in this
respect. An e-administration implementation framework is developed as a tool in this
research. The framework is composed of a checklist, a strategic planning model and a set
of recommendations and guidelines. The recommendations and guidelines document
which also includes the checklist, the strategic planning model and the e-administration
framework was circulated to practitioners and professionals in Kenya and other
researchers for comments on their practicality and applicability. Their resulting comments
were very positive about the applicability of the framework and the recommendations and
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.